What they can do to make themselves safer when on or near roads.
On the Road
How safer crossing places can help in crossing roads more safely.
The importance of knowing and understanding the Green Cross Code.
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The Green Cross Code is a set of steps we must learn and use to help us cross the road safely.
The Green Cross Code
Walk straight across the road, keep looking, listening and thinking about your safety.
Don’t run, you could fall or trip!
We all need to know and think about ‘The Green Cross Code’ every time we cross a road.
Find a safer place to cross.
Stop behind the kerb.
Look all around for traffic.
Listen all around for traffic.
If traffic comes let it pass.
Use your head to Think about your safety.
That you always need to look in lots of directions for traffic including behind!
It is quicker and safer to walk straight across a road; you will have to take more steps if you cross diagonally, and be on the road for longer.
Can you remember The Green Cross Code?
Put the words in the correct places.
Quiz Time: The Green Cross Code
Safer Crossing Places
Always look out for places to help you cross the road safely.
Safer Crossing Places
What is the orange round light on top of the pole called and why is it there?
The round orange/amber light on top of the pole each side of the Zebra crossing is called a Belisha Beacon.
It warns drivers approaching the crossing that someone may be waiting to cross the road.
Use the Green Cross Code! Stop, Look, Listen and Think when crossing the road. Walk, don’t run, and always carry on looking, listening and thinking.
1. Stop at the edge of the kerb.
2. Wait for ALL the traffic to stop, looking and listening
all around before walking across the road.
3. Be alert, keep looking and listening for traffic.
No, you must always make sure all traffic has stopped before walking across the road.
This crossing is
operated by a sensor.
Use the Green Cross Code! Stop, Look, Listen and Think when crossing the road. Walk, don’t run, and always carry on looking, listening and thinking.
Both cyclists and
pedestrians can cross here.
This crossing is operated on a timer, some have a countdown number also displayed.
Is it always safer to cross when the green man is displayed?
There are other pedestrian crossings.
Puffin crossing Toucan crossing
1. Stop at the edge of the kerb and press the WAIT button.
2. Wait when the red man light is shown.
3. Cross when the green man signal appears.
4. Do not start to cross if the green man signal is flashing.
Sometimes the centre island is called a Pedestrian Refuge Island.
How many times should you use the green cross code here?
This can be found in the centre of busy roads, and allows pedestrians to cross the road in two sections. It is also used on some Zebra crossings.
Once for the first section of road, then a second time when you are standing at the island ready to cross the second section of road.
The Millennium Bridge in London is the UK’s most iconic bridge; it is that is built over The River Thames to allow pedestrians to cross from one side to another.
Subways are also known as an underpass.
See if you can make a list of other footbridges in the UK and which other countries use subways.
A footbridge is a place you can use to walk over busy roads.
A subway is tunnel you use to walk under busy roads.
These are the safest places to cross busy roads as they keep pedestrians away from the dangers of traffic.
Never throw anything from a footbridge. It is extremely dangerous and could cause a serious incident/crash below.
If you have a School Crossing Patrol near your school - always be polite, they are there to help you!
Even when it is raining or very cold the Patrol will be there to help children cross the road before and after school.
A person who will help children cross the road near schools. Stop and wait for instructions from the patrol before crossing the road. Another name for a School Crossing Patrol is a Lollipop Person.
Quiz Time: Crossing Dilemma
Read the description of the safer crossing place,
then drag the correct name over the picture.
Now let’s look at some of the things we can do to help us to be seen by other people.
When we are pedestrians being seen can help us to keep ourselves safer.
The sun’s ultraviolet rays react with fluorescent colours to make them appear to ‘glow’ in the day. Other reflective materials are made using glass beads.
What are the glass studs on the road called and why?
If you use a bike, scooter, wheelchair or walking aid - add reflectors or fluorescent tape to make them more visible to others.
They are called cat’s eyes.
The name cat's eye comes from Shaw's inspiration for the device: the eyeshine reflecting from the eyes of a cat.
Fluorescent colours are very bright and help us be seen during the day. There are lots of fluorescent colours in clothing including shoes, trainers, hats, scarves and bags.
If you wear a dark school uniform, carry a bag, or umbrella in bright colours.
You could wear a bright hat, scarf and gloves, or a high visibility waistcoat over your darker coat or jacket.
Can you make a list of colours that can be fluorescent?
Reflective material helps us to be seen at night time. It acts like tiny mirrors reflecting light from street lamps, building light and headlights from traffic. That light reflects on the material to make it look as if the reflective material is lit up.
At night, wear and/or carry something white/light if you don’t have anything fluorescent or reflective.
When it is dark, if you have to cross the road, choose a place under a street light to help drivers see you more easily.
Fluorescent colours don’t show up in the dark - you must wear/carry something reflective.
Materials are being developed by inventors to combine both fluorescent and reflective materials together.
How clever is that!
Drag the correct word to describe the item into the empty box.
Quiz Time: Fluorescent or Reflective?
You can either retake this module or click the home button and try another theme.
How to be safer when getting in and out of cars.
In Car Safety
The importance of storing items and luggage securely.
In the ‘In Car Safety’ theme students will learn:
The correct use of seatbelts and car seats.
How distractions can cause the possibility of injury.
Wearing a seatbelt
When travelling in a car all passengers must always wear a seatbelt to keep safe.
Wearing a seatbelt will protect us if there is an emergency and the vehicle crashes.
Babies and little children need a seat that fits their size and weight. They have a harness fitted within the seat to keep them safer. As you grow, you need to have the right seat to keep you safer.
That you may need to use a booster seat until you are growing nearer to adult size!
Who are the diagonal seatbelts in the car designed for?
The diagonal seatbelts in cars are designed for adults.
... the seat is fixed in place by using the diagonal seatbelt, or using a fixing point especially built in the car, to secure the seat.
Quiz Time: The Right Seat
Choose the correct seat for the child.
Drag the correct image into the empty circle.
Drivers need to concentrate to drive safely; when travelling in a vehicle it is important not to distract the driver.
Drivers have to react quickly sometimes.
Noise and distractions can mean that they are unable to concentrate and that could put you and others in danger.
What other things could you do to cause distractions for the driver?
Be a ‘top’ passenger and think how your behaviour will affect others in the car and more importantly -
... arguing with other passengers
... throwing things around
... playing music too loud
It could cause a crash if you do something that may distract the driver. Drivers need to be aware of everything that is happening in the street they are travelling in.
Be a good role model and show others how to be a safer passenger!
You could hurt yourself if you put your arms out of a window, or stand up in a car and look out of the sun roof. You could also be injured by passing vehicles.
The switches or button controls for opening and closing windows and a sunroof can be controlled by other passengers in the car, or the driver. They could close the window or roof without being aware that you have part of your body sticking out.
If a car stops suddenly, your seatbelt stops you with the car. Items that are not secured carry on travelling.
How can some items we carry in a car cause us harm in a crash?
Items flying around in a car that crashes can cause injury.
This is because the force they are travelling at is increased.
Secure loose items like bags or rucksacks, or put them away in the storage part of the car, as they can fly around and cause injury.
In and out of the car
We often think about our journey, where we are going and what we will be doing when we get there. But we must not forget about our safety when we get in or out of the car, whether in the street, car park or driveway.
When closing doors, make sure they are closed securely and nothing is trapped in them.
Only open doors once the car has stopped
and it is safe.
... a vehicle could drive into your door causing a crash.
... a vehicle could drive into and injure you.
Many people put others at risk because they open doors on the traffic side of the car. This often happens outside schools when children are being dropped off. Be a road safety champion and show a safer example to your school pals!
What could happen if you open the car door on the road side?
Only get out of a vehicle on the pavement side. Some people may have movement difficulties and need more time to exit, be patient and
offer to help them!
Keep safer by getting in and out of a car on the pavement side, or away from traffic if there is no pavement or pathway.
Exiting a car from pavement side
Quiz Time: The Right Decision
Read the statement and press ‘safe’ and ‘unsafe’ to see if you have made the right decision.
You normally get a lift to school in the car. Mum always stops away from the school entrance up the road. You get out on the pavement side and walk down to the school gate.
The importance of being seen when travelling and the obstacles that prevent them being seen.
The importance of awareness of surroundings and distractions when walking or cycling.
In the ‘Active Travel’ theme students will learn:
The benefit of walking and cycling to health and air quality.
What they can do to make themselves safer when walking, scooting or cycling.
Walking, cycling and scooting are all enjoyable activities. There are many reasons why we should all travel actively.
It helps keep us fit and healthy.
It is a good way to exercise.
It helps reduce pollution.
Long term - it makes us healthier
Walking to school every day of the week burns as many calories as a full two hours of PE.
Walking helps us feel good, less rushed and allows time to talk about keeping ourselves safe when out and about.
When we are walking with others they are keeping fit, healthy and reducing pollution too!
The pavement helps us, as pedestrians, walk safely from place to place.
Sometimes walking along the pavement can be tricky with lots of obstacles and hazards to think about along the way.
Get in our way and hide us from the view of drivers. We need to think and be aware of what’s happening around us to keep ourselves safer.
Pavements and paths are for pedestrians and roads are for traffic. Always walk on the pavement if you can. If there is no pavement walk near the edge of the road facing oncoming traffic.
Always be careful!
What other things on the pavement may block our view?
... telephone boxes
... bus shelters
... road works
... parked cars
... other people on the pavement.
If you are unable to see traffic coming along the street because something is in the way, drivers will not be able
to see you.
Look out for parked vehicles that could start to move, especially when walking past driveways. Look and listen for clues that will tell you the car might be about to move.
Take care if you are walking in a carpark and watch out for parked cars reversing or moving off!
What clues can you think of that may mean a vehicle is about to move?
Someone is in the vehicle.
The headlights or reversing lights are on.
Engine noise, music or radio on.
Fumes or smoke coming from exhaust.
Listen all around for traffic. Sometimes you can hear traffic before you can see it.
Make sure you can see traffic. Move away from bends, junctions or things that block your view of traffic coming towards you.
If you need to cross the road, move away from bends or junctions you cannot see around or past. It is safer to be able to see traffic and for drivers to be able to see you!
If you have to cross between parked cars, it is safer to choose cars with a space big enough for you to fit into, but not so big that a car could fit in, as it could put you in danger.
Use the Green Cross Code. STOP at the far edge of the cars, LOOK and LISTEN all around for traffic, THINK about keeping safe. Walk straight across the road looking and listening.
Only cross between parked cars if you can find no other safer place to cross. Remember drivers may not be able to see you, so take extra care. Check that the cars close to you are not going to move.
Between parked cars
Some people do dangerous things when walking such as texting or listening to music on their phone while crossing the road.
Chatting or playing on the pavement near the kerb is very dangerous. You could easily get distracted and step onto the road by mistake.
Never play near traffic and keep balls in bags and dogs on leads.
It is easy to be distracted by friends, mobile phones, on social media or playing games; all of these keep your attention away from traffic, hazards and danger.
Always be aware of what is happening around you in the street, and look out for hazards along the way when you are out and about.
Make sure clothes with hoods, or items like hats and umbrellas, do not make it more difficult for you to LOOK and LISTEN for traffic.
Think also about the driver’s vision, they must also be able to see you clearly.
Failing to look properly when crossing the road is one of the main causes of pedestrians getting hurt on our roads.
Be road safety alert!
The weather can also be a distraction. Wear clothing and footwear to suit weather conditions. If your hood blocks your view and hearing when crossing the road, pull it down to allow you to cross more safely.
Wear clothing and footwear to suit the weather conditions - for example, in icy weather check your shoes have good grip.
Quiz Time: Active Travel - Distractions
Can you remember what might distract you while walking or scooting on the pavement? Drag the correct word to complete the sentences.
When walking or scooting along the
, be aware of
coming out of .
When crossing the road, look out for
that can hide us from
traffic like street ,
junctions or in the road.
Always ! Be aware that
listening to and playing
around can put you at risk of .
Now let’s learn about cycling and scooting. Both are fun activities that are healthy for you and it helps you keep fit too!
Cycling and Scooting
Make sure your bike is in good order and
is the right size for you.
You should be able to sit on the saddle with your feet on the ground,
Think what the best things are about cycling.
Cycling: Things to check
You will not be able to control your bike if it is too big or too small for you; you could have a crash or fall off!
Make sure your bike is in good order and is the right size for you. You should be able to sit on the saddle with your feet on the ground, with your heels slightly raised.
Have you checked your helmet fits correctly?
The front peak of your helmet needs to protect your forehead, but you need to see!
It should not cover your eyes or ears.
Your helmet should not slip forward or backward on your head, it has an adjustment to help you get it right.
Look after your helmet, it should be replaced if it is involved in a crash. Your helmet could be damaged even if it does not look like it!
You should always wear a helmet when cycling – it will protect your head if you fall off or have a crash.
The chin strap needs to be snug, with enough room to fit two fingers in; you need a little space so that you can breathe!
Finally the side straps need to come either side of your ear with the adjuster buckle just under your earlobe like a capital Y!
If you wear glasses or a hearing aid, tell the people in the shop – they will help you find the right helmet for you.
Many local libraries and community centres have maps of cycle routes in their local areas.
Stop to check your journey planner map as you are cycling! Always be alert.
Plan your cycling trips and always choose the safest route using cycling paths.
Practise your starting position and gear changing away from the road until you have it sorted, it will help keep you safer.
Cycling is a great way of meeting up with friends, getting exercise, keeping fit, being healthy and having some fun too!
Practise getting into the 2 o’clock position whenever you stop - ready for a smooth start.
Make sure your bike is in good working order for every trip by checking the brakes and tyres.
Check your hand grips are in good order, they can get worn at the ends and you can see the hollow end of the metal handle bar. This could hurt you if you fall off. If they are worn down, replace them as soon as you can, but until then you could fill the hollow tube with a cork!
When you’re cycling, keep your fingers on the brake levers – ready to act quickly if needed.
Lock your bike onto something secure in a visible place like a cycle stand or rack.
Never wear your bike lock around your body when you are cycling.
Check your bike lights are in good working order for every trip made in the dark. Replace batteries and make sure your lights and reflectors are clean so they are really bright!
If you cycle at night, your bike MUST have front and rear lights and a rear red reflector. Wear bright reflective clothing to help you to be seen by drivers.
The whole family may be able to join a cycle training programme, or you may be able to join with a friend.
Look up cycle training in your area, you can find information about this from your local Council website.
How do you think cycle training could help you be safer when riding your bike?
Never carry items on the handlebars, or carry another person with you on your bike.
Carry things on a bike carrier or wear a back pack. Remember to use a back pack with fluorescent and reflective materials to help you be seen.
Cycle training is good fun and you learn lots about how traffic moves, the rules of the road and keeping safer when riding your bike.
If you like to ride a scooter remember to be considerate of other people using the pavement. You could surprise someone who may not hear you riding up behind them.
Watch out for driveways and the hazards you may encounter while scooting in the same way as you are a pedestrian.
Fit your scooter with a bell or horn to let others know you are close by!
Always get off your scooter and walk when crossing roads. Don’t forget to use the Green Cross Code.
Quiz Time: Cycle Game
Do you know what the parts of the bicycle are called?
Drag the correct names into the empty boxes.
You notice a seatbelt in the car is worn and frayed, it’s worked OK all this time so you ignore it.
You are late for your Saturday football training session but Nan has a problem with her movement some days. You understand and wait patiently for her to get in and out of the car.
Your friend has asked if she can travel with you to drama club. There’s no more space in the back, but your brother offers to travel in the boot as it’s a short journey.
Your sister is being irritating and is complaining she is very hot. She puts her head out of the window. Mum tells her to sit back in and they start to argue.
It’s raining and you are on your way to a friend’s house. Your friend wants you to ride in their parent’s car. The car is already full but you could squeeze in and share your friend’s seatbelt.
Dad put all your bags and holiday treats in the boot of the car before you started your journey. You remembered your rucksack just in time and put it in with everyone else’s.
Mum has been sorting out the garage. She has found your little sister’s baby car seat. She gives it to a neighbour who has a new baby.
Find a place to cross.
behind the kerb.
all around for traffic.
all around for traffic.
If traffic comes let it .
Use your head to about your safety.