The amount of energy used in a process, such as travelling a route or manufacturing a vehicle.
The way we move around, from the method of transport to the route taken.
Managing use and avoiding the depletion of natural resources to protect the environment.
Let’s explore urban mobility and sustainable mobility issues...
The growth of towns and cities, and the movement of populations
from rural areas to built-up areas.
56% of the worlds
lives in a town or city.
This is expected to
rise to 65% by 2050.
Learn about how traffic jams are impacting Beijing, China in your Student Sheets
Whilst cycling may be more environmentally and economically sustainable than driving, around 75% of fatal or serious accidents happen in urban areas.
These dangerous conditions in Oldtown may dissuade people from choosing to cycle.
Dangerous Cycle Conditions
The environmental impact of driving around and looking for spaces contributes to 30% pollution in major cities. Privately owned cars are only ever used on average for an hour a day – and parked for the rest.
That is a lot of cars to park.
Urban Mobility Problems: Oldtown
With so many people owning private cars, it is difficult to find places to park them.
A lack of cycle paths or cycling infrastructure means that this cyclist is in a lot of danger.
Explore the hotspots to find out more about the social, environmental and climatic impacts of urban mobility in our growing cities.
Most cars on the road rely on fossil fuels, either petrol or diesel.
Fossil fuels are expensive and are finite, meaning they will run out one day. When burned in a combustion engine, fossil fuels fill the air with pollutants such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and particle matter. These pollutants can lead to environmental damage and thick smog, which can lead to public health problems.
See the case study on Air Quality in London, UK,
in your Student Sheets.
Fossil Fuel Pollution
Oldtown relies on products built in unsustainable ways, powering factories with unsustainable fossil fuels such as coal, gas and oil.
From building cars to powering streetlamps, in Oldtown they don’t care about using recycled or sustainable materials. Waste is managed badly, and poisonous smoke is belched into the air from the factories.
Life doesn’t have to be like this. There are now many solutions available to us that can transform urban mobility into sustainable mobility.
These solutions include:
Hybrid vehicles and digital app technology can help us move around our cities more sustainably.
Consumers changing their
mobility choices e.g. car sharing
or cycling to work or school.
Laws that help keep air clean
and reduce congestion
in built up areas.
From more integrated public transport to better city planning
e.g. building cycle highways.
The pollution created from engines or industrial processes, often containing greenhouse gases.
Making Choices, Changing Patterns
As you can see from i-City, we have many sustainable mobility solutions available to us. Click below to reveal how many kilograms of carbon dioxide (CO2) are produced, per kilometre travelled by each vehicle.
From the transport you choose, to the directions you take, think about the ways you can make your mobility journey more sustainable.
Small petrol car - 0.1276 Kg of CO2/Km
Large petrol car - 0.257 Kg of CO2/Km
Hydrocarbon based fuels, made from long extinct prehistoric animals. Includes coal, gas and oil.
The BMW i3 produces zero emissions
Bus - 0.089 Kg of CO2/Km
Train - 0.06 Kg of CO2/Km
Phew. It looks like you’re now an expert on Sustainable Urban Mobility, so try this quiz! You can also find a copy of the quiz in your Student Sheets.
Enter your name, then click ‘Start!’.
Urban Mobility is about how we choose to travel around our cities, from the mode of transport, to the route we've taken, and the sustainability of our choices.
Urban Mobility is only about which transport method we choose
to get around our cities.
Which definition best describes urban mobility?
Urban Mobility can include cars, buses, taxis, trains and aeroplanes.
Planning our cities
Innovation and technology
and using energy
In our cities, sustainability should be considered in the way we approach living and working. Select the areas where sustainability can be applied.
Joins mobility options, from cars to buses, together in one location
Reduces car ownership and
Reduces congestion with the most sustainable option for your journey e.g. where to park
Using digital services
to share vehicles
Using digital apps to suggest
the most sustainable
Makes using more
sustainable public transport
easier and more appealing
Reduces energy usage
The introduction of sustainably designed electric and hybrid cars, vans and buses
Drag the paintbrush across the boxes to colour match each sustainable mobility solution to its definition and impact.
Place these urban mobility choices in order from the least carbon generating to the most:
Click next to move on to the next question
Click next to move onto the next question
Electromobility describes the introduction of sustainably designed electric and hybrid vehicles. Aside from electric and hybrid cars, the residents of i-City also drive using Hydrogen powered vehicles.
Digitalisation is changing our mobility patterns.
In i-City, digital apps can be used to help people find the most efficient routes around their cities. BMW also provides an Urban Mobility Service to help drivers avoid traffic and find parking spaces.
Sustainable Solutions: i-City
Companies can offer to transport its employees using energy efficient transport, like hybrid and electric buses. More than15,000 BMW employees take company buses to and from work, which saves around 32,000 tonnes of CO2.
Integrated public transport
By introducing cycle highways and greenways (strips of green space) and introducing legislation to protect cyclists, more people can be encouraged to walk or cycle around their city.
You can use these LED street lamps, provided by BMW in cities like Munich, Oxford and Los Angeles, to charge your electric and hybrid cars for up to 22 kW for free.
Electric Car Charging Networks
With all these electric and hybrid (half petrol, half electric) cars, the authorities in i-City have invested in electricity charging points across the city.
Cars in i-City are designed to be efficient and sustainable.
The BMW i3 is an example of sustainable design, as a fully electric vehicle, produced with recycled materials and a sophisticated lightweight construction. The i3 on-board computer helps drivers avoid traffic and make more sustainable choices when moving around the city. Across its entire lifecycle, the i3 also generates 50% less CO2 than conventional cars.
Car sharing is very popular in i-City. In fact, car sharing is already available in cities all over Europe.
In 2015 alone, 579,000 people used BMW and Sixt’s DriveNow Service, where using a digital app, users can find and drive a shared vehicle in their neighbourhood.
In total, DriveNow has 4,000 vehicles across 10 cities and 20% of the fleet is comprised of the energy efficient i3 electric cars.
Cycling and walking have no effect on the environment and are healthy ways of moving around.
Sustainable Business Operations
Whilst this business already powers itself with renewable energy resources, it incorporates sustainability in every aspect of its operations.
Public transport in i-City is easy to use.
A transport interchange between services helps people to be flexible and sustainable when making choices about moving around their city. The city has been planned to help people move around with ease, and buildings have also been sustainably designed.
See the case study on Integrated Public Transport in Vauxhall, London, UK in your Student Notes.
Alternative Energy Sources
Electric cars use electrical energy to power the vehicle, whilst a hybrid car combines a petrol or diesel engine with an electric motor.
Explore the hotspots to find out more about the solutions that can improve life by transforming urban mobility into sustainable mobility.
What is ‘sustainability’?
Sustainability is where the needs of the present are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs . We can talk about social, environmental, and economic sustainability, as well as sustainable supplies of energy when talking about products, ideas or ways of doing things.
What is ‘the urban environment’?
Anywhere that we might call a ‘built up area’, in particular towns and cities all over the world.
Built-up areas such as towns and cities.
New to this?
• To understand how urban mobility
can become sustainable mobility.
• The concept of urban mobility
and understand its impact.
Warm up with some
• How to apply sustainable choices
when moving around urban environments.
In this module you will learn:
This section examines sustainability in the context of urbanisation.
Students are encouraged to consider issues of sustainability, as they make choices about how they move around their city.
v 1.30 (6)
Urban Mobility is only about which transport method we choose to get around our cities.
Reduces energy usage
(impact of electromobility)