Non-renewable energy sources include coal, gas and
These fuels are either drilled or mined
from . Nuclear power is also a
The use of fossil fuels in energy production causes the release of
including CO2, which are linked to climate
change. Nuclear power does not produce greenhouse gases but does produce
Select which statements are True or False
Cars are responsible for 16% of global
carbon dioxide pollution
It is possible to turn plants into liquid
fuel for vehicles as a renewable
Nuclear is a renewable energy source
Fossil fuels will never run out
Products that use lots of energy
Products that create a lot of waste in their use, disposal or packaging
Products made in unsafe factories
Products that last a very long time
Products that can be recycled
Sustainable design is where a designer minimises the environmental, societal and economic impact of a product. Drag the paintbrush to colour code whether the following are sustainable or not!
Products that encourage less energy use
Products that require little or no energy to be produced
Products that are made locally
Products that use toxic chemicals in their manufacturing
Products transported over long distances
Products that require a lot of energy to produce
Enter your name, then click ‘Start!’.
You’re now an expert on how to produce and use energy sustainably, so try this quiz! You can also find a copy of the quiz
in your Student Sheets.
Click next to move onto the next question
Drag and drop the options below to match the renewable energy sources to where they are best suited to be used:
This section is about energy use and sustainability, and the differences between renewable and non-renewable energy sources.
Students are introduced to the concept of sustainable design as a way to consider the environmental impact of energy use throughout the design and production process.
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In this module you will learn:
Energy, often used as electricity from sources that will run out,
such as the fossil fuels coal, gas and oil.
Warm up with some
Built-up areas such as towns and cities.
Energy, often used as electricity from sources that will never runout – unlike fossil fuels.
To define the difference between renewable
and non-renewable energy sources.
To describe the different types of renewable energy.
To understand how sustainable design can be utilised as part of sustainable development.
What makes a product sustainable?
A product that has minimal negative environmental, societal or economic impact.
What is a 'finite' energy resource?
A resource that will run out.
New to this?
Fossil fuels are made from the remains of pre-historic plans and animals.
They are comprised of hydrogen and carbon.
Nuclear power uses radioactive elements to generate electricity.
It is a ‘clean’ non-renewable energy source as it produces no greenhouse gases.
Oil is sourced from drilling under the seabed or underground. Oil is a thick, dark liquid used to generate electricity for power stations, or refined into diesel or petrol for cars. It can also be made into plastic.
Non-Renewables and their Problems
Find out more about non-renewables
Fracking involves cracking rock with a high pressure water mixture to extract gas. Studies suggest that fracking can cause earthquakes and pollutes groundwater.
Fossil fuels cannot be replaced and will run out, but it is uncertain when this will occur.
Coal is a black rock material and is burned in power stations for fuel, or to provide electricity to homes for heating.
Gas is extracted from rigs at sea and through fracking. Natural gas is burned in power stations and provide energy to homes.
Nuclear waste is stored because it cannot be safely disposed of and can have a catastrophic impact on the environment.
Oil is expensive to extract. Oil spillages are toxic and can cause damage to marine ecosystems.
Coal is made from fossilised wood, dug out of the ground in mines. Mining coal is expensive and can be unsightly.
Using solar cells arranged in huge flat panels, solar power uses the energy from sunlight to produce electricity.
Hydroelectric dams use the movement of the waves at sea, or the pressure of falling water, to produce energy.
Geothermal power stations use the heat of volcanic activity to transform hot water into steam, which makes electricity.
They are suited to volcanically active environments, with hot springs and geysers.
Energy production does not have to rely on non-renewable sources.
There are a variety of renewable energy sources available that do not run out, and do not produce greenhouse gases.
Biofuel describes the growing of specialised crops to be turned into liquid fuels, such as ethanol or biodiesel. These can be used to power vehicles.
Wind farms use wind turbines to produce electricity and are best used in in windy places in land, or out at sea.
Renewable Energy Solutions
Sustainable Design - BMW i3 Case Study
The energy-intensive carbon fibre manufacturing process for BMW i materials operates on clean energy, from one of the world's largest hydroelectric power plants – the Grand Coulee Dam.
For the first time in the BMW Group, sustainability targets were in place during the entire development of the BMW i3, from sourcing, production to usage and recycling.
The BMW i3 also uses energy-efficient lightweight materials
(e.g. aluminium and CFRP).
BMW ensure that all suppliers comply with all internationally recognised human rights as well as environmental, labour and social standards.
Resources were also sourced from sustainable materials - overall, 25% renewable raw materials and recycled plastics were used in the interior of the BMW i3.
BMW have a longstanding commitment to sustainable design. The all electric
BMW i3 has been designed for sustainability at every stage of production, winning the 2015 Green Car of the Year award.
BMW see end-of-life vehicles as a source of materials, recycling parts through recovery and recycling.
95% of the materials used to produce a BMW i3 can be recycled.
How the parts of a product are manufactured and assembled.
How long the product lasts for,
it's distribution and disposal.
How the product is provided to customers or businesses for use, and the way it is disposed at the end of it's life.
We use energy to design and manufacture, and to dispose of products we use every day.
Considering these impacts and making these processes as sustainable as possible is what makes 'sustainable design'. This can apply to the design of anything - including buildings, cars, clothes and food products.
Where the product’s materials are sourced from, how they are extracted, processed and transported.
The energy used for all processes and uses associated with the product across it's lifespan (from purchase to disposal).